The cryptocurrency market is no stranger to volatility, with price fluctuations being a common occurrence. However, an interesting phenomenon has been observed in recent years – a reduction in volatility due to changes in investor behavior, particularly in the futures market. By analyzing Bitcoin’s price changes and significant liquidations in 2021 and 2023, it is evident that there has been a notable decline in the dollar amounts liquidated per percentage change in Bitcoin’s price. This article dives deep into the concept of the Liquidation Sensitivity Index (LSI) and explores the implications of this evolving market behavior.
The Liquidation Sensitivity Index (LSI) is a metric that provides insights into how market participants react to price movements. It is calculated by dividing the total value of both long and short liquidations by the absolute value of the Bitcoin price change percentage. A higher LSI indicates that smaller price movements result in more significant liquidations, which is indicative of a highly sensitive market. The data used for calculating the LSI is sourced from Glassnode, which tracks crypto native markets such as Binance, OKX, and ByBit derivatives trading.
Historically, exchanges like Binance, OKX, and ByBit have dominated Bitcoin futures trading. However, in recent months, CME has gained considerable ground and now competes with these crypto-native exchanges. While analyzing CME Open Interest would provide a more holistic view of crypto derivatives and include traditional markets, historical data limitations restrict the focus of the LSI to only crypto-native markets.
A comparison of liquidation events in 2021 and 2023 reveals a significant shift in market dynamics. In 2021, the Bitcoin market exhibited high sensitivity to price changes, as evident from the LSI values recorded throughout the year. Price increases and decreases triggered substantial liquidations, resulting in high LSI values. For instance, on Jan. 29, 2021, a price increase of 14.24% led to long and short liquidations amounting to a staggering $709.31 million, corresponding to an LSI of $49.81 million USD/%. This pattern of high sensitivity persisted throughout the year, with the LSI peaking at $152 million USD/% on April 18, 2021.
On the other hand, 2023 paints a different picture with a more muted reaction to price changes. Even with a substantial price increase of 7.33% on Jan. 14, 2023, the total liquidations amounted to $145.84 million, resulting in an LSI of $19.89 million USD/%. This trend of reduced sensitivity continued throughout the year, with an LSI of just $12.32 million USD/% for a price rise of 5.17% on Dec. 5, 2023. The average LSI for 2021 stood at a high $74.27 million USD/%, while the average LSI for 2023 was significantly lower at $18.93 million USD/%. This indicates a drastic reduction of $55 million (77%) in liquidations per percentage point change in Bitcoin price since 2021.
Multiple factors could explain this decrease in liquidation sensitivity. One significant factor is the maturation of the cryptocurrency market since 2021. Investors and traders have likely adopted better risk management strategies, making them less reactive to price changes. Additionally, the entry of institutional investors and the development of more sophisticated trading tools have contributed to a more stable market environment. A noteworthy change is the rise of CME as the dominant futures trading platform in 2023, surpassing Binance.
The comparative analysis of Bitcoin’s liquidation sensitivity in 2021 and 2023 highlights a significant shift in market dynamics. The lower value of liquidations per percentage point change in Bitcoin price in 2023 indicates a maturing market and potentially a more stable and less speculative environment. These insights are crucial for investors and traders, suggesting a move towards a more resilient market in the face of price volatility. It is essential to stay informed about the evolving liquidation sensitivity to make informed investment and trading decisions.
The evolution of Bitcoin’s liquidation sensitivity is a clear reflection of the changing dynamics in the cryptocurrency market. The reduction in liquidation amounts per percentage change in Bitcoin’s price indicates a more mature and less volatile market environment. As investors and traders adapt better risk management strategies and institutional investors enter the space, market sensitivity to price movements has decreased significantly. This shift towards a more stable market bodes well for the future of cryptocurrencies, providing a more secure and reliable investment avenue for participants. It is critical for market participants to stay updated on these trends to navigate the ever-changing cryptocurrency landscape successfully.